Covenanters in Europe and Empire: The Military and Colonial Endeavours of Alexander Shields and Samuel Vetch

By Xiang Wei  In a letter to his mother dated 2 February 1700, Alexander Shields (1659/60–1700), a Covenanting Church of Scotland minister, described the Darien colony (Panama) as ‘a remote, but very pleasant Land, and one of the most fruitful spots of the Earth, where God reigns’. The promising picture of ‘the Rising Sun in […]

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